Related types of fraud

There are other similar types of fraud besides skimming:

Distraction and theft by trickery
One trick commonly used by criminals is to distract victims when they are paying or withdrawing money. They enter into conversion with them at card-based machines or offer help. They then manage to spy out the PIN code entered. Afterwards the card is stolen using a trick. A mishap is often feigned for this (something falls to the ground, the contents of a wallet spill out, drink is spilt over the victim, etc.). In many cases crowding or jostling is acted out or used, such as on an escalator, or when alighting from or boarding buses, trains, etc. With the original card and the PIN code, the scammer is able to withdraw money or go on a shopping spree.

Perpetrators assume a false identity
A similar scam is to assume a false identity. A scammer pretends to be a technician, policeman or bank worker looking into a supposed fault with a card-based machine and requests the victim to re-enter the PIN code or to show the card for checking. It is then swapped or later stolen using theft by trickery. Criminals are also able to use the card straight away in this case, too.

Phishing involves confidential card data being requested via reputable-looking e-mails, instant messages and websites. The cheats pretend to be a financial institution. Fake Internet pages and e-mail senders are set up to intentionally trick victims. On no account follow any instructions to specify, confirm or change personal information, card numbers or PIN codes. Your financial institution would never contact you via e-mail.

More information on this can be found on: www.melani.admin.ch

Card trapping
Card trapping (also called Lebanese Loop and Collet Marseillais) is when criminals manipulate card-based machines so that any cards inserted get stuck, or trapped. The scammer pretends to offer assistance and advises the card holder to re-enter the PIN code. This is then remembered. When the card holder moves away from the machine, the criminal steals the card and then money from the victim’s account.

Cash trapping
A theft variant similar to the Lebanese Loop is “cash trapping”. Here the cash dispenser tray of the card-based machine is manipulated so that cash is held back in the dispensing process. The user assumes the machine is defective and moves on. Once gone, the scammer removes the money from the modified cash dispenser tray.


A way of
manipulating ATMs.
 //  Play